In the course of elaborating a new constitution after Franco’s death, new political alliances were created and some of the opposition parties changed their position regarding the Basque Country to collaborate with the regime. As a result, Navarre was split from the Basque project and the abertzale left remained the only and thus isolated force opposed to the constitutional project. Its alternative proposal defended by the newly-created electoral coalition Herri Batasuna failed to impact on the new constitution, eventually reinforcing the continuity of the conflict.

Spanish and Basque opposition forces

The division of the Southern land

The patriotic front: Txiberta meetings and the failure of unity

The constitutional process and the creation of Herri Batasuna